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JULIA-A is an extremely wide batwing lens that is designed to be used in backlight projects. The extra wide batwing design ensures good performance against flat surfaces. Uniformity of JULIA-A arrays can be well over 90%. JULIA-A has highest intensity spikes around 75-80deg depending on the LED model.

Data measured with 4 LEDs in square arrangement with 100 mm spacing through white semi-transparent PC sheet.
LED type Optimal height min/avg min/max
XP-E ca.50 mm 0.97 0.94
XP-G ca.50 mm 0.96 0.93
Rebel ca.40 mm 0.96 0.91
Rebel ES ca.50 mm 0.94 0.90
NVSx19 ca.40 mm 0.94 0.87
Each LED has its own light output that varies even between same LED types inside same bin. This kind of variance might have some negative effect on the uniformity of the system. The type of the illuminated semi-transparent front panel can also have negative or positive effect on the uniformity.


Back lighting setups can’t usually be simulated with light simulation software like Dialux. Distances on the backlighting setups are usually few centimeters so accurate simulations require near field ray tracing. Light transmission and diffusive properties of the front panel needs to be taken into account for accurate simulation.


Square arrangement

Square arrangement is probably the most common way to build the LED array. Lenses like Julia-A usually have round light distribution pattern so the performance is not optimal in square arrays. Julia-A still manages to have excellent performance when used in square arrangements.

Equilateral triangle arrangement

Equilateral triangle arrangement is more suited for lenses with round light distribution. LEDs are spaced more evenly than in standard square arrangement. Light patterns of each LED overlap more evenly which leads to better uniformity in many cases.

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